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Study is nothing else but a possession of the mind
Thomas Hobbes, 1588 – 1679
English philosopher

Study skills series

"A.S.P.I.R.E." A Study System

Text of the A.S.P.I.R.E. exercise:

A: Approach/attitude/arrange

    • Approach your studies with a positive attitude
    • Arrange your schedule to eliminate distractions

S: Select/survey/scan

    • Select a reasonable chunk of material to study
    • Survey the headings, graphics, pre- and post questions to get an overview
    • Scan the text for keywords and vocabulary: mark what you don’t understand

P: Piece together the parts:

    • Put aside your books and notes
    • Piece together what you've studied, either alone, with a study pal or group:
      summarize what you understand.

I: Investigate/inquire/inspect:

    • Investigate alternative sources of information you can refer to:
      other text books, websites, experts, tutors, etc.
    • Inquire from support professionals (academic support, librarians, tutors, teachers, experts,) and other resources for assistance
    • Inspect what you did not understand.

R: Reexamine/reflect/relay
Reexamine the content | Reflect on the material | Relay understanding

    • Reexamine:
      What questions are there yet to ask? Is there something I am missing?
    • Reflect:
      How can I apply this to my project? Is there a new application for it?
    • Relay:
      Can I explain this to my fellow students? Will they understand it better if I do?

E: Evaluate/examine/explore:

    • Evaluate your grades on tests and tasks: look for a pattern
    • Examine your progress: toward achieving your goals
    • Explore options: with a teacher, support professional, tutor, parent if you are not satisfied.
See also:

Effective study habits | A.S.P.I.R.E. - a study system | Index - a study system | Studying with flashcards | Studying with multiple sources | Finding the right study space | Studying text books in science