Adaptive techniques for solving problems are a combination of logic and common sense, and while not precise, can produce satisfactory solutions.
If you cannot follow the complete problem solving process, use these techniques when you
Managing by exception: exercise
Managing by exception: text
Work on matters critical to you; leave off matters that are not. Strategizing and prioritizing
Example: You tutor a child in math. You become aware that the family situation is troubled, but you haven't the skills to help. You inform the case manager for their action, but continue to focus on the supporting the child with his/her homework
Make incremental decisions to achieve an objective and avoid total commitment to a decision you cannot change.
Example: Before installing air-conditioning, try screens, shades, and fans. These alone may do the job. If not, these improvements will still have helped cool the building and increase air-conditioning efficiency if later installed.
Use information available to probe for a solution.
Exploring is a modified trial-and-error strategy to manage risk. Unlike a throw of dice, however, it requires a firm sense of purpose and direction. Use this technique to move cautiously in small steps toward a solution.
Example: Doctors avoid committing to a single, incomplete diagnosis of an illness. Through tentative but precise exploration, they determine the cause of an illness and its cure.
Spread risk by avoiding decisions that lock you into a single choice if you are not prepared to commit.
Example: astute investors don't "put all their eggs in one basket." They spread risks with a balanced portfolio of stocks, bonds, and cash.
Create options based on your experience, values, and emotions (your gut feelings and your heart)! While often able to arrive at the truth through intuition, don't rely on it exclusively. It can trigger snap judgments and rash decisions. Use logic first, then your intuition to make the decision "feel" right
Go slow and/or postpone committing yourself to a course of action
if an immediate decision isn't necessary and there's time to develop options.
Sometimes doing nothing is the best decision; the problem will either go away, conditions will change, the path may become clearer as you reflect on it, or events will change the problem itself.
Delegating decision-making or action to another
person or group
Sometimes we take on problems that are not ours,
or that the problem can be solved better by someone else.
One strategy towards delegation is to identify stakeholders of the problem. A stakeholders is a person or group that interest in, or will be affected by, resolution of the problem. (This is a good practice for all decision-making!)
Another consideration for "out-sourcing" a problem's resolution is to consider if your resources will be adequate to the task. Resources are time, money, skills, confidence, etc.
Focus on the future to uncover hidden opportunities and options that may resolve the problem.
With options, we make better decisions. Without them, decisions become forced choices.
By finding tomorrow's opportunities and developing options, you can make enduring, quality decisions.
Avoiding decisions to escape the unpleasant aspects of risk, fear, and anxiety
Refusing to face the issue; obsessive gathering of endless facts
Letting a situation spin out of control; letting emotions take control
Reversing decisions; half-heartedly committing to a course of action
Muddling through. Making the safest decision to avoid controversy but not dealing with the whole problem